The book value per share formula is used to calculate the per share value of a company based on its equity available to common shareholders. Pricebook value latest closing stock price book value per share as of the latest quarter either calculation will yield the same result. In theory, if you purchased stock with a price to book value less than 1 and the company immediately went bankrupt, you would. Book value of equity per share bvps is the ratio of equity available to common shareholders divided. Book value is the net asset value of the company according to standard accounting practice gaap, audited.
The term book value is a companys assets minus its liabilities and is sometimes referred to as stockholders equity, owners equity, shareholders equity, or simply equity. Divide the available equity by the common shares outstanding to determine the book value per share of common stock. Find the latest book value per share for apple inc aapl. Par value of shares also known as the stated value per share is the minimal shares value as decided by the company which is issuing such shares to the public and the companies then will not sell such type of shares to the public below the decided value. How can a stock have a negative book value per share. For portfolios, this data point is the shareweighted collective book value growth for all stocks in the current. It is calculated once per day at the end of the trading day and functions as the share price of the mutual fund for the next trading day. For assets, the value is based on the original cost of the asset less any depreciation, amortization or impairment costs made against the asset. An alternative, though related approach, is to view intrinsic value as the value of a business ongoing operations, as opposed to its accounting based book value, or breakup value. How to figure the book value of bank stock finance zacks. In accounting, book value is the value of an asset according to its balance sheet account balance. The calculation can be performed in two ways, but the result should be the same each way. Book value per share should not be thought of as an indicator of economic worth, since it reflects accounting valuation and not necessarily market valuation. Book value per share tells investors what a banks, or any stocks, book value is on a pershare basis.
Also, the book value of an asset is the amount reported in a businesss most recent balance sheet. Put another way, book value per share rates the total shareholders equity of a stock in relation to the amount of shares outstanding. An accounting term that measures the intrinsic value of a single share of a companys stock. What is book value per share and how can it help you in investing. How to calculate book value per share of common stock.
In other words, the value of all shares divided by the number of shares issued. Book value of an asset is the value at which the asset is carried on a balance sheet and calculated by taking the cost of an asset minus the accumulated depreciation. Book value per share book value per share definition. What this means is that shares are being purchased and sold due to the perceptions of investors. It relates the market price of a stock to its book value. Often, book value is expressed on a pershare basis, dividing the total shareholder equity by the number of shares of stock outstanding. Depreciation is the reduction of an items value over time. Book value per common share is a measure used by owners of common shares in a firm to determine the level of safety associated with each individual share after all debts are paid accordingly. Book value per share stock market definition,meaning.
During the past 5 years, the average book value per share. This interpretation is simplistic and deeper analysis is recommended. Book value per share financial ratio the balance small business. Net asset value per share financial definition of net. Net asset value per share the expression of the value of a company or fund per share. The book value growth rate for a stock is a measure of how the stocks book value per share bvps has grown over the last five years.
Book value this is the net worth of a company, the amount by which assets exceed liabilities. At inside value, we generally look for companies that have been increasing bookvaluepershare over a number of years because as fords plight shows. Book value per share bvps overview, formula, example. During the past 3 years, the average book value per share growth rate was 2. The tangible book value per share tbvps shows the amount per share that shareholders would expect if the firm was liquidated today. The second way, using pershare values, is to divide the companys current share price by the book value per share. Book value appeals more to value investors who look at the relationship to the stocks price by using the price to book ratio. Book value per share is broadly used in relative valuation and usually to compare a firms market value per share.
Book value per share compares the amount of stockholders equity to the number of shares outstanding. A companys total assets minus total liabilities, or net assets, divided by the number of shares outstanding. What is book value per share and how can it help you in. A low pb ratio is commonly taken to indicate value whilst a high pb ratio is taken to indicate a growth stock. If a firms bvps is higher than its market value per share, then the stock is undervalued, which means that it trades lower than the price that the market determines. Carter mcbride started writing in 2007 with cmbas ip section. Book value per share is a widely used stock evaluation measure. The market price per share of stockusually termed simply share price is the dollar amount that investors are willing to pay for one share of a companys stock.
A popular ratio that is used to compare market and book values is the price to book pb ratio, which is calculated as the price per share divided by the book value per share. A tangible book value per share tbvps is a method of valuing a company on a per share basis by measuring its equity after removing any intangible assets. In the first way, the companys market capitalization can be divided by the companys total book value from its balance sheet. The pricetobook ratio, or pb ratio, is a financial ratio used to compare a companys current market price to its book value. The book value of a company is the difference between that companys total assets and total liabilities, and not its share price in the market. Ratios that are designed to measure the relative claims of stockholders to earnings cash flow per share, and equity book value per share of a firm. As you recall, the book value of a company is essentially the total shareholder equity line in the balance sheet. Price to book value ratio therefore indicates the multiple that the market. How do i interpret pricebook and book value per share on. Warren buffett is known for his ability to calculate the intrinsic value of a business, and then buy that business when its price is at a discount to its intrinsic. This calculation is often modified to exclude intangible assets, because they are not readily convertible to cash, in which case the calculation is. In the case of a mutual fund, this is the per share prorated value of the securities underlying the fund.
Book value the book value is the common stock equity of a company according to the value that appears on the balance sheet, which is the equivalent of the total assets less its liabilities, intangible assets like goodwill, and preferred stock. When the purchase price per share is less than book value per share, then the denominator of book value per share decreases by a greater percentage than does the numerator, and book value per share increases. Book value per common share book value per common share is the net assets available to common stockholders divided by the shares outstanding, where net assets represent stockholders equity less preferred stock. Book value per share financial definition of book value.
Book value per share the ratio of stockholder equity to the average number of common shares. What is book value per share definition and meaning. Book value is calculated by totaling the companys assets, subtracting all debts, liabilities, and the liquidation price of preferred stock, then dividing the result by the number of outstanding shares of common stock. What does book value per share explain about the business. Book value of equity per share bvps is a ratio that divides common equity value by the number of common stock shares outstanding.
The simplest explanation i can give is that it tells potential investors how much their shares would be worth in the event the company in question goes out of business. Book value per share formula above assumes common stock only. Book value growth is one of the five growth factors used to calculate the morningstar style box. If there is preferred stock outstanding, in the book value per share calculation above,the numerator will need to be adjusted by the value of the preferred stock outstanding to get the stock holders equity. The book value per share is a market value ratio that weighs stockholders equity against shares outstanding. In general, a low price to book value indicates that a stock is undervalued and thus more desirable.
Book value per share is a measure utilized by owners of mutual shares in a company to analyze the level of safety related with every individual share after all. While book value per share is a good way to evaluate a stock, its more of an accountingbased tool and doesnt necessarily reflect the true market value of a publicly traded company companies. Book value per common share bvps definition investopedia. The book value of a company divided by the number of shares outstanding. Occidental petroleums book value per share for the quarter that ended in mar. Book value definition of book value by the free dictionary.
If the market value per share is lower than the book value per share, then the stock price may be undervalued. It is the price at which a share is currently trading on the market. Dividing this by the number of shares will give the book value per share. It has no specific relation to the value of the companys assets, such as book value per share does, which is based on the information from a companys balance sheet. An important measure of value is the book value per sharetotal assets minus intangible assets and liabilities divided by the number of outstanding shares. So youd think id be a big believer in the importance of book value. Traditionally, a companys book value is its total assets minus intangible assets and liabilities. A tangible book value per share tbvps is a method of valuing a company on a pershare basis by measuring its equity after removing any intangible assets. The tbv excludes a firms intellectual property, patents, and trademarks because these are intangible assets that cannot be easily sold such as property, plant, and equipment. To arrive at this number, subtract liabilities from assets. The pricetobook ratio measures a companys market price in relation to.
What is the book value per share bvps the book value per share bvps is calculated by taking the ratio of equity available to common stockholders. The price to book pb ratio is used to compare a companys market price to book value and is calculated by dividing price per share by book value per share. Since book value represents the intrinsic net worth of a company, it is a helpful tool for investors wanting to determine if a company is underpriced or overpriced, which could indicate a potential time to buy or sell. Stocks trading below their book value can give decent. Book value per share is the gaap number number of shares outstanding. Book value per share bvps is a ratio used to compare a firms common shareholders equity to the number of shares outstanding. If you want to compare companies, you can convert to book value per share, which is simply the book value divided by. Book value of an asset refers to the value of an asset when depreciation is accounted for.
When compared with the market value, book value can indicate whether a stock is overvalued or undervalued. Conceptually, book value per share is similar to net worth, meaning it is assets minus debt, and may be looked at as though what would occur if operations were to. Relating book value per share to market price a favoured tool of value investors is the pb ratio. Book value per share formula with calculator financial formulas. Book value per share equals total assets minus total liabilities divided by total outstanding shares. Book value per share, quasireorganization flashcards. Therefore, book value per share book value shares outstanding. In case the company does encounter such an event, all assets are liquidated in.1019 1458 1286 1069 1311 1165 487 207 1211 146 1104 906 990 1461 1224 1064 97 352 1059 1168 385 1046 97 1461 563 208 144 153 960 1222 795 635 1579 550 671 290 918 560 832 418 851 171 27 938 712